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Cartegraph OMS Glossary

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Text within a definition that appears orange is a clickable link. The bold orange on the terms themselves indicate a relationship to a link; these are not links. Something else links to these terms, but not vice versa.


Abutment: A structure that connects the deck of a bridge to the ground, at the ends of a bridge span.

Acquisition/disposition: Acquiring or removing a unit from the fleet.

Action: Something that triggers an effect of a trigger in Automation Manager.

Activity: The action performed on either an asset or a non-asset task having a one-to-one relationship with a task.

ADA-compliant ramps: A set of ramp specifications to ensure compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA).

Add Criteria Group button: The plus button at the bottom of the criteria group to add criteria groups to the filter on the Advanced Filter dialog box.

Add Criteria Line button: The plus button at the end of the line to add criteria group on the Advanced Filter dialog box.

Administration: Feature that is available to only those with security access. Click Administration on the Breadcrumb bar to access the System Administration features.

Advanced Filter: A filter in Automation Manager that contains AND/OR criteria grouping and count statements.

Aggregate: A support block that results in a number, such as a minimum, maximum, average, or total cost. Used in Automation Manager.

AMS: Asset Management System.

Anti-icing Materials: Sand, salt, mag chloride, etc.

API: Application Programming Interfaces.

Arterial: A high-capacity urban road designed to deliver traffic at the highest possible level of service.

Asset: An item or object on which the organization performs an activity and for which the organization desires to gather history of maintenance over time. This is used for Cartegraph and replaces the idea of modules or pages. For example, SIGNview is the Cartegraph 8 module and the Signs asset for Cartegraph OMS.

Asset Connection: The relationship of the component to the container. Some assets many have multiple asset connections that could be selected when connecting the component asset to the container. For instance, a pipe may be an upstream or downstream pipe to the sewer main. When connecting the pipe to the sewer main container, you will be prompted to select the appropriate asset connection.

Asset Types: Any records in the Create asset list.

Assignment Queue: List of laborers assigned to a task on the Create task guided process or Assigned Labor filtered in the Task Layer panel.

Attached Files: A section in Requests, Work Order, Task, Assets, Labor, Equipment, Material, Material Location, and Vendor listing any file attached to the record.

Attachments: The section used in inspections for associated files.

Autocomplete: A list of possible matches displaying when you begin entering text in a field so that you can select it instead of continuing to type.

Automation: An automated action initiated in Automation Manager.

Automation Log: A list that shows a history of an automation’s names, when it was last run, the time it took to complete, and its status: started, completed, or failed.

Automotive Service Excellence (ASE): A professional certification group that certifies professionals and shops in the automotive repair and service industry in the United States and parts of Canada.

Avatar: The image of the User, Report, Asset, Labor, Equipment, Material, Material Location, Vendor. The attached file marked as primary displays as the avatar. If no image file is attached, the default avatar displays. If the primary attached file is not an image file, a default avatar representing a file type displays.


Bill Back/Charge Back: The process of billing the departments for work performed on their vehicles.

Blade: The part of the plow touching the road to remove snow (also called the cutting edge).

Block: A component of an automation. It can be an action or a support to an action.

Bole: The stem of a tree.

Breadcrumb Bar: The bar under the Navigation bar with the back button, Location breadcrumbs, and Create, Run Reports, and Actions features.


Canopy: Aggregated cover of all tree crowns.

Cartegraph Operations Management System (Cartegraph OMS): The name of the web application when differentiating between other Cartegraph products.

CARTS: Computerized Analysis of Retroreflective Sign.

CCI: See Container Condition Index.

CCR: See Container Condition Rating.

CDL: See Commercial Driver’s License

Chart Scroll Bar: A method by which Automation Manager determines which properties of an automation must be set. Selecting one block prompts the user to define some properties, and those definitions lead to other prompts.

CMMS: Computerized Maintenance Management System.

Color Palette: An array of color options. Click the layer color to change the color. Select the new color from the color palette.

Column Selector: Feature available on list headers to add a column to display in the list.

Comeback: A unit coming back in for the same repair. This rework is often a performance measure for mechanics and is a big no-no.

Commercial Driver’s License (CDL): Type of license that is required to drive commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) such as tractor-trailers, semi trucks, dump trucks, and passenger buses.

Component/Component Asset: An asset with a defined relationship to a container asset. The cost and condition of the component are applied to the container asset.

Condition Ratings: The Condition Category rating selected during an inspection typically represented by stars.

Conditional Logic: A method by which Automation Manager determines which properties of an automation must be set. Selecting one block prompts the user to define some properties, and those definitions lead to other prompts.

Container Condition Index (CCI): A weighted average of a container asset’s Estimated OCI, and the average CCIs of its components.

Container Condition Rating (CCR): A descriptive word for the asset condition that corresponds to the numeric CCI value.

Container-Component Relationship: The component asset condition and associated maintenance costs to be rolled up into the condition and cost of the container facility.

Container/Container Asset: A container is an asset with relationships established to other assets, so the cost and condition of the grouping of assets are reflected as a complete unit.

Container Cost: Part of the container total cost. The total cost is the sum of the container cost and the cost of each component asset. Costs applied to the component asset remain with the container asset, even if the component is moved to another container. Costs are applied to the component asset before it is attached to a container and not included in the container total cost.

Criteria Line: Used to create filters and contains three parts: field, operator, and value on the Advanced Filter dialog box.

Cross-Session Persistence: Situation that occurs when the display persists for the user when he or she signs out and signs back in to OMS. This applies to added layers, layer filters, list view column selections, time sheet display, map view zoom and location, map filter button, and detail view selected records, the username in the sign-in dialog box, and the selected tab (Requests, Work, etc.). Persistence does not apply to the Resource Entry.

Crown: The entire leaf-bearing portion of a tree

Current Record Map Symbol: The record selected in the List view. It has a magenta highlight.

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Dashboard: Area of the Cartegraph interface that contains gadgets containing real-time system analytical information. This view first displays when you sign into Cartegraph and when you click on the Dashboard icon.

Data hierarchy: The relationship of data to each other, parent/child/grandchild/great-grandchild.

DBH: Diameter breast height (4.5 feet above the ground) of a tree

Deck: Part of the bridge motorists drive on.

Detail view: View that displays after you click on the View button on a map tip or from a list. This shows all the fields and field entries for a specific record.

Domain: A group of assets classes typically managed by a department or division. For example, the transportation group usually manages pavement, markings, and signs, supports, light fixtures, guardrails, and bridges. We group those assets together in a domain. A customer can purchase a single domain, multiple domains, or any individual asset type. If a domain does not match the customer's asset management needs exactly, we will work with the customer to make adjustments to fit their needs.

DPW: Department of Public Works.

Drill down: An action that is taken in the Analytics Dashboard gadgets. The user clicks on a number in a gadget to view a deeper layer of data. For example, “Click on the number in the Number gadget to drill down and see the data in detail.”

Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR): A daily vehicle inspection report is a daily vehicle inspection for commercial vehicles. Records must be kept for state audits.


Feature Class: A collection of geographic features that share the same geometry type (such as point, line, or polygon) and the same attribute fields for a common area. Feature classes are stored in an Esri geodatabase.

Feature Service: Services that allow you to serve the feature data and nonspatial tables over the Internet. This makes data available for use in web clients, desktop apps, and field apps.

FHWA: Federal Highway Administration.

Field validation: The field state when an invalid value is entered or a required field is left empty and the error tile displays to the right of the field and the field outlines in red. Other examples of invalid values are exceeding the number of maximum characters and invalid date formats.

Filter: A way for you to create views of data that make it easier to work it with by limiting the records available. There are simple filters and advanced filters. Also, a condition that must occur for an action to take place in Automation Manager. Filters are used throughout Cartegraph.

Filter prompt indicator: The check box to the right of the criteria line on the Advanced Filter dialog box. Select the Filter Prompt check box to include a user-specified prompt in the filter. Enter the prompt’s descriptive text in the value field.

Fleet Maintenance: The process of keeping your vehicles operating in a condition that makes them safe and reliable and able to stay on the road longer.

Fuel Management System: A process of managing and improving fuel usage and costs.

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Gadget: An individual item displaying specific real-time information from the system configurable by a user. Cartegraph includes a default set of gadgets. Like widgets.

GASB: Government Accounting Standards Board.

Genus: Part of the scientific name of a plant or organism, before the species. For example, in Acer rubrum, Acer is the genus and rubrum is the species. See also Tree Speak.

Geographic Information System (GIS): A framework for gathering, managing, and analyzing data. Rooted in the science of geography, GIS integrates many types of data. It analyzes spatial location and organizes layers of information into visualizations using maps and 3D scenes. With this unique capability, GIS reveals deeper insights into data, such as patterns, relationships, and situations, helping users make smarter decisions.

GPS: Global positioning system.

Group Header: When a record is in Edit mode, each section of the record’s detail is organized by group headers. A Cartegraph user or administrator can reorder and rename group headers using the Layout Manager.

Group Operator: Feature that allows you to join filter criteria lines or criteria groups with OR or AND on the Advanced Filter dialog box.

Group Selector: The plus or minus around the group operator allowing you to add or remove criteria groups in a filter on the Advanced Filter dialog box.

Guard Rails: Traffic barriers that lessen the severity of a potential crash and make the roads safer.

Guided Process: The system features created to make filtering, navigating, and creating records intuitive. The guided process moves through different pages.


Highlighted state: State that exists when the user selects a record in the List view with the mouse or keyboard. The appearance of that item changes—typically to a dark gray color.

Hover state: State that exists when you hover the mouse over a record or interface element. The appearance of what you hover over changes—typically the color.


In-Session Persistence: Feature in which the system remembers the view display as the user navigates around the system. When the user returns to a view, it is the same view as when they left it. This type of persistence goes away once the user signs out of the system.

I-Tree: USDA desktop app for calculating tree benefits.

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Layer: Created within a Layer Panel. Layers display records based on the filter setting.

Layer Color: Displays to the right of the layer record count and displays the same color as the layer’s map symbol. Click the color to select a different color from the color palette. In Administration, select Asset Color Manager.

Layer Panel: Panel that displays the Request, Work Order, Task, Assets, and Resources layers.

Layer Record Count: Feature that displays the number of records in the layer.

Left Panel: Dynamic panel on the left side of the screen. It changes based on the current functionality. At different times it is the Section bar, Layer selection, Report list, or Filter lost.

Level of Service (LOS): A qualitative measure used to relate the quality of motor vehicle traffic service.

Linkable Asset Layers: All asset types with a possible association. An association is a lookup to another asset or a share of another asset. For example, Signs with a Support ID lookup or Sewer Laterals shared under Sewer Mains associated with Sewer Mains/Laterals.

Linked Asset Relationship: A relationship between two or more assets used typically when you have a network situation. For example, a water network: water pipe and water laterals.

List Headers: The column title describing what is contained in each column.

List view: List where you view the available Requests, Work Orders, Tasks, Assets, Labor, Equipment, Materials, Material Locations, or Vendors under the map section. It is not in a grid under the map.

Location Breadcrumbs: The text that displays under the Navigation bar and indicates the current location in Cartegraph. Click any of the location breadcrumb links to navigate to the preceding location in the system.

Locator Service: A service that references address attributes, associated indexes, and rules that translate nonspatial descriptions of places, such as street addresses, into spatial data that can be displayed as features on a map. Geocoding requires a locator service.

Loop: A method by which Automation Manager iterates through records and performs an action or set of actions on each record.

LOS: See Level of service.


M Aware: Contains measurement values—such as distance along a given line. They are used in linear referencing datasets. These values are stored in addition to x and y values.

Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices: A list of guidelines that define the standards used by road managers nationwide to install and maintain traffic control devices on all public streets.

Map view: The section in Cartegraph that displays an Esri map. View the location of Requests, Work Orders, Tasks, or Assets on the map.

MCD: See Multiple-column drop-down.

Media Tray: An area at the bottom of the Resource Entry screen for managing attached image files.

Median strip: The median strip or central reservation is the reserved area that separates opposing lanes of traffic on divided roadways.

Menu: A selection list of Cartegraph functions. A menu looks like a button but has an arrow to the right of the name.

Mini-Map Tip: Tip with basic information that displays when you click on a map symbol. 

Mini Multiple-Record Map Tip: Tip that displays when you click on a map location with more than one record. If the map is zoomed out, this is more likely to occur.

MRVD: Minimum Required Visibility Distance.

Multimodal: Characterized by several different modes of activity or occurrence.

Multiple-column drop-down (MCD): A selection list that shows more than one column of information. For example, the Labor ID field where the ID and Full Name are available. You can enter information from any column, and it auto-populates.

Multiple-Record Map Tip: Tip that displays with a list of the different record types if more than one record is in the same location on the map and you click on the map symbol 

Multiple-Record View: This applies to the List view when layers for more than one asset type display.

MUTCD: See Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.


Navigation Bar: The bar at the top of the browser window with the Cartegraph logo, Requests, Work, Assets, Resources, Reports, Profile, Administration, Time sheet, and ID search.

NBI: National Bridge Inventory.

Network Beginning Estimated OCI: The average Estimated OCI of the network's assets on the scenario's start date.

Network Ending Estimated OCI: The average Estimated OCI of the network's assets on the scenario's end date.

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OBD: On-board diagnostics.

OBD-II/OBD2: A vehicle's self-diagnostic and reporting capability.

OCI: See Overall Condition Index.

OCR: Overall Condition Rating.

OMS: See Cartegraph Operations Management System.

Overall Condition Index (OCI): Inspection data calculation. The minimum condition is used to calculate the asset’s failure point. Inspections should have data for every condition category with weights, impacts, and a performance curve.

Overview header: A header that displays above the map for Requests, Work Order, Task, Assets, and Resources with a summary of the current record in Detail View. Click the splitter to expand or collapse the section.


PCI: Pavement Condition Index.

Performance curves: Deterioration curves that track asset performance for individual condition categories over time, indicating the anticipated deterioration of a condition category.

Persistence: The preservation of what displays on the screen when you move to another view and return. There is in-session and cross-session persistence. In-session persistence refers only to only the current signed-in session. When you sign out, those views return to the default view. Cross-session persistence occurs regardless of signing in and out, unless it is reset.

Pier: A type of structure that extends to the ground below or into the water. It is used to support bridge superstructure and transfer the loads to the foundation.

Pop-Ups: Esri pop-ups show field-level information about each feature on the map layer. Web maps that are viewed in Cartegraph OMS can show ESRI features alongside Cartegraph OMS records. ESRI pop-ups have a different look than OMS map tips.

Preventative Maintenance (PM): Scheduled servicing, inspections, and vehicle repairs to prevent potential problems and maximize vehicle availability. It is used in fleet management to proactively avoid or reduce vehicle breakdowns and is based on time, mileage, engine hours, or gallons of fuel used. The preventative maintenance engine is used to set conditional and/or chronological triggers that, when activated, automatically create the necessary follow-up tasks.

Primary Attachment: The image or symbol that displays as a Cartegraph record’s avatar. By default, the fire image file loaded as an attachment is the primary attachment. The image file must be one of these file types: .GIF, .JPG, .JPEG, .PNG, or .BMP.

Profile: Displays on the Navigation bar showing who is signed in to Cartegraph.

Project: A group of scenario activities in Scenario Builder that are meant to be performed together. Also called scenario project.

Projected Tasks: Placeholders for Tasks in the foreseeable future. For example, managers can use Projected tasks to plan for resource management and schedule labor. Projected Tasks display along with Planned, In-Progress, Completed, and Canceled Tasks on the Task list. Projected Tasks hold an Estimated Start Date in which open Tasks get created by the Preventative Maintenance Background Scheduler. Users can also manually convert Projected Tasks to an open Task.

Public Works: The combination of physical assets, management practices, policies, and personnel necessary for the government to provide and sustain structures and services essential to the welfare and acceptable quality of life for its citizens.

PWD: Public Works Department.

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Quick filter: A guided filter that sorts records with AND criteria grouping and count statements per layer. If more than one asset layer is active, the Quick filters work as an OR filter between the layers.


Raster: A data model using a series of cells to represent locations on the Earth. Attributes are associated with the individual grid cells. For example, a JPEG image.

Record Count: The number of records in the current List view that displays in the bottom right. The format is X-X of Y. X-X indicates the records you can see displayed in the list. The Y represents the total number of records. For example, 1-4 of 5.

Record Map Symbol: A symbol on the map indicating the record’s location. The symbol displays as a circle for point assets, lines for linear assets, and a shape for polygon assets.

Refresh: A button located on the Breadcrumb bar. Click the button to update the data display. Use this instead of the web browser's Refresh button or the F5 key. The Cartegraph interface changes when you use the browser’s Refresh feature.

Remove Criteria Group button: The minus button at the bottom of a criteria group that removes the group from the filter on the Advanced Filter dialog box.

Remove Criteria Line button: The minus button at the end of the line that removes criteria lines from the criteria group on the Advanced Filter dialog box.

Repeating Work Order: A simple, organized way of scheduling work at regular intervals. It allows users to group the diverse tasks that comprise a work order and schedule them to repeat under a single heading as opposed to multiple, individual tasks.

Reports: Reports can be run in List, Detail, and report views, but not all reports are available in each view. Reports are created in Cartegraph Administrator application and used in OMS. When a report is created, three versions are created and stored in the Index, Details and Asset Type folders in the Project Home.

Request: Something asked for by a citizen or a member of an organization. The request can be information or identification of an issue to be addressed. Requests can be internal or external.

Reserved User: A username that is used by the system and cannot be assigned to a user.

Resource: The labor, equipment, material, and other entries that account for costs of performing an activity against an asset.

Resource Header: The collapsible sections on the time sheet for entry into the Resource logs. Reference the specific resource when describing the header. For example, the labor header.

REST (Representational State Transfer): A software architectural style that defines a set of constraints to be used for creating Web services. Both Esri and Cartegraph employ REST APIs.

Retroreflectivity: Characteristic that sends a focused image directly back to the original light source to make signs visible at night.

Right of Way (ROW): A type of easement granted or reserved over the land for transportation purposes.

Role-based security: Security used by Cartegraph OMS to allow users to use parts of the system based on their assigned roles. By default, users have access to all areas of the system except Administration.

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Scenario Beginning Estimated OCI: The average estimated OCI of a scenario’s assets on the scenario’s start date.

Scenario Ending Estimated OCI: The average estimated OCI of a scenario’s assets on the scenario’s end date.

Scenario Project: A group of scenario activities in Scenario Builder that are meant to be performed together. Also called project.

SDW: A spatial database engine.

Search Field: A field located in various places in Cartegraph to help find something. For example, in the Report list, it exists to help to find a specific report and addresses on the Map view.

Section Selector: The means to navigate to a section. When a record is in Edit mode, the left panel displays all the available sections. Select the Section check boxes to display the section in the Edit view. Click a section selection navigate to that section.

Security: Prohibition or permission to use parts of the system. See also Role-based security.

Security Roles: Determination of who has access to specific Cartegraph functionality.

Selected Record Count: Indicator that displays on the left side of the List view, advising how many records are selected.

Selected State: Situation in which a record in a list or section in the left pane has a check box next to it. Records can also be selected in the Mini-map tip, Summary tip, from the Select All/Select None option on the List view header.

Shapefile: A collection of geographic features that share the same geometry type (such as point, line, or polygon) and the same attribute fields. An older format is supported across many GIS and spatial applications such as AutoCAD and GeoMedia products.

SMS: Sign Management System or Safety Management System.

Species: Part of the scientific name of a plant or organism, after the genus. For example, in Acer rubrum, Acer is the genus and rubrum is the species. See also Tree Speak.

Splitter: A separator between the Map and List views and Overview Header and Map view. Click and drag the separator to increase or decrease the size of the map.

Spreader: A device that delivers anti-ice chemicals to larger surface areas such as parking lots or driveways.

Streetlight: A device used to illuminate a roadway (LED, cobra head, lumens).

Structure View: The area in Administration’s Structure Manager where the details of a Recordset’s or library’s contents display.

Sufficiency Rating: Rating scale to compare bridges.

Summary record tip: A few fields listing details about the record. Click the icon in the mini-map tip or List view to see a summary of the record. You can click in the Summary record tip to view the entire record. If more than one asset or task layer is selected, and more than one record at that location, scroll through the records on the tip.

Syntax: The language used to create properties in Automation Manager for an action to occur. Syntax is also used in Cartegraph filters.


Task: An activity that must be performed on a schedule. A task and an activity have a one-to-one relationship, meaning one task for one activity. Tasks can be associated with an asset or performed as a nonasset task.

Time Sheet: A labor tally for an individual. Click the time sheet button to open the time sheet for the person signed into Cartegraph.

Total Cost of Ownership (TCO): A comprehensive financial analysis on the complete life cycle of a capital purchase.

Tree Speak: Plant names including genus, species, and variety. These can be Latin or common names.

Trigger: The cause of an automation in Automation Manager. A trigger can be event based, scheduled, or manual. Triggers are also used in Preventative Maintenance plans and protocols, and in Scenario Builder.

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Unlink Asset: To break the relationship between two assets. For example, remove a Sign from a Support or remove a Lateral from a Main.

User Accounts: Means of access to Cartegraph. Only System Administrators have access to creating this feature.


Variety: A category of plant name. See also Tree Speak.

Vector: A coordinate-based data model that represents geographic features as points, lines, and polygons. Attributes are associated with each vector feature.

View: There are three view types: Map, List, and Detail. See Map view, List view, and Detail view.

View Selector: Bar that contains all the selections needed to create or edit a view. Located in Layout Manager.

Vehicle Replacement Ratings: Score calculated automatically on a 0 to 5 scale, with 0 being good and 5 being worst. Uses the following guidelines:

  1. Age: 1 point for every year.
  2. Usage: Odometer or hours used. 10,000 miles = 1 point, 150 hours = 1 point.
  3. Maintenance and repair costs: A percentage of the overall purchase cost of the vehicle. In intervals of 20% = 1 point.
  4. Reliability: How frequently does the vehicle come in for maintenance, 1 point per 90-day interval.
  5. Type of service: Assign a value based on the criticality of the vehicle.
  6. Condition: Based on a deterioration curve and a prediction group and that value is calculated.

Vehicle Utilization: A review of how much usage a vehicle or piece of equipment gets. Often used in association with a fleet utilization study.


Widget: A piece of reusable code that you can plug into virtually any website. A gadget acts just like a widget, often fulfilling the same purpose, but it is proprietary. It only works on a certain website or a specific set of websites. Cartegraph uses gadgets.

Window or Berm: A row or line of snow to larger surface areas such as parking lots or driveways.

Work Order: A group of tasks. Work orders provide a point-in-time snapshot of progress to date and total cost to date.


Z Aware: A feature that stores z-values (in addition to x and y values). Z-values are elevation values—height or depth from the Earth’s surfaces. They are often required in 3D modeling and flow modeling.

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